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Egypt after the Revolution

Egypt after the Revolution

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Suez Canal and Ismailiya PDF Print E-mail

Suez Canal:

 The Suez canal is a 192 km (119 miles) long canal connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Suez Gulf on the Red Sea and facilitating maritime travel and transportation of goods between Europe and Asia.The canal is said to be dating back to the time of the Middle Kingdom (c. 2000 BC.) reign of King Senusert III. In 1854, Ferdinand de Lesseps obtained a concession from Said Pasha, the viceroy of Egypt, to construct a canal open to ships of all nations. The plans of the canal were created by Austrian  engineer Luigi Negrelli. In 1858, the Suez Canal Company (Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez) was established to operate the canal by leasing the relevant land, for 99 years from its opening. The excavation work took nearly 11 years using forced labour of over 30.000 Egyptian workers, many of whom died under the harsh conditions of work. The canal was finally opened to navigation in 1869. Its maximum depth is 66 feet (20 m), and it contains no locks. The minor sea level difference between each end is inconsequential, and the evaporation of water in the canal is replaced by the free flow of water from both seas. A full day trip can be organized to the Suez Canal and lunch can be arranged in the city of Ismailia.

Ismailia

 Located at approximately 120 km from Cairo, Ismailia stands almost at the midpoint of the Suez Canal between Port Said and Suez. The city was founded and designed in 1863 by the French engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps as a base camp for the construction of the Suez Canal. Ismailia derives its name from Khedive Ismail; one of the Ottoman rulers of Egypt, and a descendant of Muhammad Ali Pasha. The city prospered between 1869-1967, a time when it housed the operating headquarters of the Suez Canal Company and the Central Movement Office, which regulated canal traffic. However, when the Suez Canal was closed for eight years following the Six-Day War of June 1967, the economy of the city was destabilized leading much of its population to resettle elsewhere in Egypt.

 Following the 1973 war with Israel, the Suez Canal reopened in 1975, and Ismailia prospered again. Its former population returned, and new housing was built by the government. A tax-free industrial zone was also created in the city as part of President Anwar el-Sādāt’s “Open Door” policy. The Ismailia Regional Museum was established in 1932, housing Pharaonic, Graeco-Roman, and Islamic collections.

 Ismailia celebrates its National Day on 16th October, a day when the people of Ismailia ignited the spark of resistance against the British occupation back in 1951.

 The Ismailia Regional Museum was established in 1932. It contains Pharaonic, Islamic, Greek and Roman collections from different periods.

 Area no 6 is a marvelous peaceful spot overlooking the Suez Canal. It witnessed many battles during the Arab-Israeli conflict. It was the site where in 1969 an Israeli shell killed Lieutenant General Abdul-Monaim Reyad, the then Egyptian Chief-of-Staff. Also of notable importance, is the site of Tabet El Shagara (10 km from Ismailia), the headquarters of the Israeli leadership during the October 1973 war.

 

Trip duration: Approx.8hrs.
Start from/Return to:Guest hotel.
Trip essentials:Light cotton clothing-comfortable walking shoes-bottled mineral water-sunglasses-eye drops for the dust-hats-sunblock.
 
Included:
  • Transfer in A/C vehicle to the above sites.
  • Certified tour guide.
  • One bottled mineral water per guest.
Not included:
  • Entrance fees.
  • Camera or video charge when applicable.
  • Lunch/Drinks.
  • Tipping.

*** Please dress conservatively when visiting churches and mosques. Gentlemen should avoid shorts and ladies should avoid mini-skirts, shorts, transparent (see-through) or tight clothing, and tank tops. Also, please be aware that intimate behavior; i.e. holding hands or kissing is not acceptable inside churches and mosques. Photography is restricted inside some churches, so please consult your guide first. Should you wish to photograph people then please ask for permission.

For reservations or inquiries, please contact us.